Case Study: Super Power and Super-City: Part 3 (The Diverse Similarities Between The United States and Singapore)

Leave a comment


How Are The Finances of the United States and Singapore Similar?

Financially these two countries are interconnected in our globalized world.  Here are both countries GDP percentage growths for the last thirty years:

These countries are associated financially.  In 1982, 1991, 2001, and 2009 sharp canyons affect both lines of data.  Each gulf corresponds directly to a specific global recession.  The 1982 dip is backlash from the 1980’s energy crises.  The inflation epidemic of the early 1990’s caused the 1991 recession.  Popping of the internet bubble in 2001 caused a major dip in both countries.  Finally, fallout from the 2008 banking crises is seen in the 2008 and 2009 chasm.

Only in 1998 does Singapore act independently from the United States.  During this year Singapore was negatively influenced by the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis.  Despite being thousands of miles away from this regional problem there is a noticeable stun in America’s economic growth as well.  These several associated data points mean these countries are financially related.

Are Measurements of Human Capital Similar?

Human capital is an abstract term that attempts to quantify the collective value of the education and habits of a citizenship.  One good indicator of this is Internet usage; access to international data and technologies revolutionizes education at home, in schools, and in the workplace.  Below is a comparison between the United States and Singapore numbers of internet users.

The data is skewed left with a steady incremental increase every year until both counties.  At 2002 for the United States and 2004 for Singapore the data levels off and the numbers of new internet users decreases.  The United States pioneered the Internet, so they have more widely spread usage.  However, Singapore follows the United States timeline closely; during most years the numbers of internet users in Singapore is the same percentage of users the United States had two years prior.  Here is the Internet usages growth compared in relation to each other at this staggered relation:

In this examination the positive values represent when Americans gained more internet users than the Singaporean and the negative values represent when the Singaporeans gained more users than the Americans.  The same internet bubble that exploded in the GDP growth percentages can be seen building in both countries.  Between 1998 and 1999 the Americans lose smaller and smaller incriminates as they rapidly proliferate the first internet startups.  Following two years behind, in 2000 and 2001, Singapore establishes record numbers of internet users as the internet bubble balloons over Eastern Asia.  These statistics are all interconnected just as the countries are.

What Lessons can America take from the Singapore?

The primary lesson from this analysis is that we are all connected.  When America triggered a recession by bankrupting Lehmean Brothers in 2008 it triggered a recession that terrorized Singapore.  Likewise, when the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis rocked Singapore America was also negatively affected.  However, this relationship works both ways.  The Internet has brought a new age of prosperity to America and Singapore.  Perhaps their architecture techniques will return to America and allow us to better utilize our own space.  As the world grows more globalized the altruistic options only proliferate.

Thank you for Reading Part 3 of our Case Study of the populstions  Singapore and the United States: Please Read Part 1 and Part 2 for the full perspective.

Sources

“Inflation, Consumer Prices (annual %) | Data | Table.” Data | The World Bank. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/FP.CPI.TOTL.ZG&gt;.

“List of Recessions in the United States.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_recessions_in_the_United_States&gt;. 

Case Study: Super Power and Super-City: Part 2 (The Many Schisms Between The United States and Singapore)

3 Comments


Welcome to Part 2 of our three part exploration of Singapore and the United States; Part 1 is available and Part 3 is en route.

How Are Urbanization Types In The United States and Singapore Different?

The type of urbanization in the two countries is radically different.  The ratio between urban and rural populations changes between countries.

The United States has 17.1% of its population in rural areas and 82.29% of its population in urban areas.  All of Singapore is urbanized.  In comparison to the United States Singapore’s total land area seems little more than rounding error.

In addition the average space that each per individual is drastically different.  In the United States there is an average 29471 square meters of land per citizen.  In Singpore, there are only 138 square meters per resident in the country.

How Does Land Use Affect Consumer Baskets?

The differences in the nations affect the local economics of each country.  The United States and Singapore have different needs because of their different composition of their respective consumer baskets.

The largest difference is housing.  Singapore residents cram into massive apartment buildings.  In America there is a great diversity of homes.  Americans live in everything from apartments in the inner cities, condos in developments, suburban homes with spacious yards, farms with acres of crops, and isolated cabins.  This greater, more inefficient range, of housing coupled with the American value of owning a home means Americans pay more for housing.  Meanwhile, Singaporean residents can spend their extra funds on more food and beverages, health, and recreation.

Part 1, the exploration of the dissimilar populations of the United States and Singapore, is available.

Part 3 is available.: We explore the similarites between Singapore and the United States in our interconnected world.

Sourcing

FAOSTAT. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://faostat.fao.org/site/666/default.aspx&gt;. 

“Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U. S. City Average, by Expenditure Category and Commodity and Service Group.” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://bls.gov/news.release/cpi.t01.htm&gt;.

 Singapore Government Statistics. Web. 31 Oct. 2011 <http://www.singstat.gov.sg/news/news/cpifeb2011.pdf>

 “Owning a House Still a ‘core Value,’ May Survey Suggests | Hernando Today.” Hernando Today | Hernando Today. Web. 31 Oct. 2011.

<http://www2.hernandotoday.com/business/business/2011/jul/02/HANEWSO5-owning-a-house-still-a-core-value-may-sur-ar-241296/&gt;. 

Case Study: Super Power and Super-City: Part 1 (The Zeitgeists and Populations of The United States and Singapore)

Leave a comment


SIngapore
Every country is unique.  For example the United States is a titan in the world markets, dominates the global economy, and plays a massive role in international policy.  Meanwhile, the microscopic Singapore is a tiny mosquito buzzing around the elephant United States; its has its own agenda and it’s own unique traits.  These two nations have radical differences in aspects of their population, domestic economies, and land usage while sharing stunning similarities in the fields of industry growth and human capital strengthening; the United States and Singapore prove how despite nations being culturally different that they share an socioeconomic fate.

What is the Population’s Dynamic in the United States?

The United States’s population is appears uniform until a closer look is taken.  Generally, the country produces a uniform citizenship at roughly 20 million citizens for every lustrum.  After the 60 years old benchmark the amounts of citizens is skewed right with not even a million above 90 years of age due to human life constraints.  In total there are roughly 309 million Americans.

American population is heavily marked by its history.  There are two notable bulges in the population, between the ages of 45 and 59 and between 15 and 29.  These differentiations are the baby boomers and their offspring.  Soldiers returning from World War Two founded large families and kicked off a population boom on an unprecedented scale.  The core of the veteran’s children were born between 1950 and 1965.   These children are in the 45-59 year of age in the chart.  The children of the baby boomers are born between 1981 and 1995.  They comprise of the younger age mean between the ages of 15 and 29.  It is little surprise that in the United States that the median age of births is roughly 30.5 in the United States, which is also the mean age difference between these two generations.

What is the Population’s Dynamic of Singapore?

Singapore is a different story than the United States.  Her uneven population growth grows a mode between 20 and 29.  The data is most heavily skewed right.  There is also a small skew to the left for the younger generations.  In total there are roughly 4.84 million people.

Singapore’s population growth was swollen by the country’s conflicting population control polices.  As the Singaporean baby boomers, following World War Two, filled up the country during the late 1950’s and early 1960’s.  The government feared overpopulation of the small city state.  Following the Family Planning and Population Board Act of 1965 measures were taken to drastically reduced population growth.  Easy access to abortions, government funded voluntary sterilizations, and Orwellian slogans of “Stop at Two” filled the culture.  The effects of these measures can be seen in the relatively low populations between those aged 30 and 45.

By the early 1980’s new leadership feared the anti baby measures had been too effective.  Contradicting legislation was enacted.  Educated mother were encouraged with cash subsidies to have a third child.  For those who wanted to get abortion stringent guidelines and compulsory counseling.  The late 1980’s measures culminated with the slogan “Have Three or More (if you can afford it)3 in 1986.  This year rests directly between the populations aged 20 and 29, currently the years with the highest populations for Singaporean males and females.

Parts 2 is available: We explore the differences between the urbanizations, consumer baskets, and effects of these differences of these these polar extremes.

Part 3 is available.: We explore the similarites between Singapore and the United States in our interconnected world.

Sourcing

Graphs: “International Programs – – U.S. Census Bureau.” Census Bureau Home Page. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://www.census.gov/population/international/data/idb/country.php&gt;. 

1-“List of Countries by Population.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_population&gt;. 

2-“Stop At Two Campaign Singapore | ‘Stop at 2’ Campaign Works Too Well; Singapore Urges New Baby Boom – Los Angeles Times.” Featured Articles From The Los Angeles Times. 21 June 1987. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://articles.latimes.com/1987-06-21/news/mn-8983_1_baby-boom&gt;. 

3- “Population Control in Singapore.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugenics_in_Singapore&gt;.

%d bloggers like this: